Mississippi Counties and Historical Facts
Mississippi County records vary widely from county to county in both quality and quantity. Some have been carefully preserved while others have been much abused and neglected. Some Mississippi records have simply disappeared.
For genealogists doing research in Mississippi there is no effective replace for an on-site search of county courthouse records.
Mississippi Map of Counties
Mississippi County Records
A large collection of county records from Mississippi can be found at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History on microfilm. However, it is not a complete collection. The FHL can also provide copies of those records on microfilm.
However, the various courthouses in each county should still be consulted, since some records may not have been moved to the archives yet. Many of those records, including probate records and marriage licenses, can contain genealogical data.
Researchers should note that marriage records for both African Americans and white people can be found at the chancery clerk’s office at the county courthouse in each county, along with probate records and deeds.
Deeds, probate records, and divorces may be found at the chancery clerk at the county courthouse. Microfilmed marriage books for both whites and blacks are indicated, in that order, under “Marriages” and can be found in the county Clerk of Circuit Court.
Court records may be found in the appropriate clerk’s office at the courthouse.
See also a list of
links to county and county seat government run websites.
List of Mississippi Extinct Counties
counties that no longer exist because they were discontinued, renamed or merged with another county.
A lot of these counties were established and disbanded within the 19th century;
county borders have changed very little since 1900.
These are important for genealogy research purposes. Pay attention where the courthouse records went to if the county was eliminated or joined with some other county.
See the History of Mississippi Counties for more details.
List of Mississippi Counties with Burned Courthouses
The damage to courthouses greatly has a bearing on genealogists in every way.
Not only are these historic structures torn from our lifetimes, so are the records they housed: marriage, wills, probate, land records, and others.
Once destroyed they’re lost forever. Although they have been placed on mircofilm, computers and film burn too.
all records were damaged or lost in some counties. Alcorn County Courthouse – Corinth – Record Loss in 1917 Attala County Courthouse – Kosciusko – 1858, 1860 and 1896 Bolivar County Courthouse – Rosedale and Cleveland – Fire in 1863, Flood in 1865 Calhoun County Courthouse – Pittsboro – Fire in 1922 Chickasaw County Courthouse – Houston – Fire in 1863 Choctaw County Courthouse – Ackerman – Fire 1874, 1888 Covington County Courthouse – Collins – Record loss in 1904 Desoto County Courthouse – Hernando – Record loss in 1940 Franklin County Courthouse – Meadville – Fire in 1877 Greene County Courthouse – Leakesville – Fire in 1875 Holmes County Courthouse – A courthouse fire in 1884 destroyed many of the records, but the deeds were housed in a separate building and Will Book I was rescued. Jackson County Courthouse – Pascagoula – Fire in 1875 Jefferson County Courthouse – Fayette – Record loss in 1904, Fire in 1990 Jones County Courthouse – Laurel and Ellisville – Unknown Date Kemper County Courthouse – DeKalb – Fire in 1882 Lee County Courthouse – Tupelo – Fire in 1873 & 1904 Lincoln County Courthouse – Brookhaven – Unknown 1893 Montgomery County Courthouse – Winona – Record loss, 1903. Newton County Courthouse – Decatur – Record loss, 1877 and 1910. Oktibbeha County Courthouse – Starkville – Record loss, 1880. Panola County Courthouse – Sardis – Record loss, 1886 Perry County Courthouse – New Augusta – Record loss, 1877 Pike County Courthouse – Magnolia – Record loss, 1882 Prentiss County Courthouse – Booneville – Record loss, 1912. Simpson County Courthouse – Mendenhall – Record loss, 1840, 1872 Smith County Courthouse – Raleigh – Record loss, 1892, 1915 Sunflower County Courthouse – Indianola – Record loss, 1870. Tallahatchie County Courthouse – Charleston/Sumner – Record loss at Sumner, 1908 Tippah County Courthouse – Ripley – Record loss, 1863 Union County Courthouse – New Albany – Record loss, 1882 Wayne County Courthouse – Waynesboro – Record loss, 1892
List of Mississippi Counties List of Mississippi Counties
County Date Formed Parent County County Seat Adams 1799 One of two original counties Natchez Alcorn 1870 Tippiah and Tishomingo Counties Corinth Amite 1809 Wilkinson County Liberty Attala 1833 Madison County Kosciusko Benton 1870 Marshall and Tippah Counties Ashland Bolivar 1836 Tallahatchie and Washington Counties Cleveland and Rosedale Calhoun 1852 Chickasaw, Lafayette and Yalobusha Counties Pittsboro Carroll 1833 Lowndes, Monroe, Washington and Yazoo Counties Carrollton and Vaiden Chickasaw 1836 Monroe County and Un-Organized Houston Choctaw 1833 Lowndes, Madison, Monroe and Yazoo Counties Ackerman Claiborne 1802 Jefferson (Pickering) County Port Gibson Clarke 1833 Wayne County Quitman Clay 1871 Chickasaw, Lowndes, Monroe and Oktibbeha Counties (formerly (Colfax County) West Point Coahoma 1836 Un-Organized Clarksdale Copiah 1823 Franklin and Hinds Counties Hazlehurst Covington 1819 Lawrence and Wayne Counties Collins Desoto 1836 Monroe and Washington Counties Hernando Forrest 1906 Perry County Hattiesburg Franklin 1809 Adams County Meadville George 1910 Greene and Jackson Counties Lucedale Greene 1811 Wayne County Leakesville Grenada 1870 Carroll, Choctaw, Tallahatchie and Yalobusha Counties Grenada Hancock 1812 Un-Organized Bay Saint Louis Harrison 1841 Hancock County Gulfport and Biloxi Hinds 1821 Un-Organized (Choctaw Cession of 1820) Jackson and Raymond Holmes 1833 Yazoo County Lexington Humphreys 1918 Holmes, Sunflower, Washington and Yazoo Counties Belzoni Issaquena 1844 Washington County Mayersville Itawamba 1836 Monroe County Fulton Jackson 1812 Un-Organized Pascagoula Jasper 1833 Jones and Wayne Counties Bay Springs Jefferson 1799 One of two original Counties (formerly Pickering) Fayette Jeffrson Davis 1906 Covington and Lawrence Counties Prentiss Jones 1826 Covington and Wayne Counties (formerly Davis (1865-1869 (Civil War)) Laurel Kemper 1833 Lowndes, Rankin and Wayne Counties De Kalb Lafayette 1836 Monroe County Oxford Lamar 1904 Marion and Pearl River Counties Purvis Lauderdale 1833 Rankin and Wayne Counties Meridian Lawrence 1814 Marion County Monticello Leake 1833 Madison and Rankin Counties Carthage Lee 1866 Itawamba and Pontotoc Counties Tupelo Leflore 1871 Carroll and Sunflower Counties Greenwood Lincoln 1870 Amite, Copiah, Franklin, Lawrence and Pike Counties Brookhaven Lowndes 1830 Monroe County and Un-Organized Columbus Madison 1828 Yazoo County Canton Marion 1811 Amite, Franklin and Wayne Counties Columbia Marshall 1836 Monroe County Holly Springs Monroe 1821 Un-Organized (Chickasaw Cession of 1816) Aberdeen Montgomery 1871 Carroll and Choctaw Counties Winona Neshoba 1833 Jones, Madison, Rankin and Wayne Counties Philadelphia Newton 1836 Neshoba County Decatur Noxubee 1833 Lowndes and Rankin Counties Macon Oktibbeha 1833 Lowndes County Starkville Panola 1836 Monroe and Washington Counties Batesville Pearl River 1890 Hancock and Marion Counties Poplarville Perry 1820 Greene County New Augusta Pike 1815 Marion County Magnolia Pontotoc 1836 Monroe County Pontotoc Prentiss 1870 Itawamba and Tishomingo Counties Booneville Quitman 1877 Coahoma, Panola, Tallahatchie and Tunica Counties Marks Rankin 1828 Hinds County Brandon Scott 1833 Covington, Jones and Rankin Counties Forest Sharkey 1876 Issaquena, Warren and Washington Counties Rolling Fork Simpson 1824 Copiah County Mendenhall Smith 1833 Covington, Jones and Rankin Counties Raleigh Stone 1916 Harrison County Wiggins Sunflower 1844 Bolivar County Indianola Tallahatchie 1833 Washington and Yazoo Counties Charleston Tate 1873 DeSoto and Marshall Counties Senatobia Tippah 1836 Monroe County Ripley Tishomingo 1836 Monroe County Iuka Tunica 1836 Washington County and Un-Organized Tunica Union 1870 Lee, Pontotoc and Tippah Counties New Albany Walthall 1912 Marion and Pike Counties Tylertown Warren 1809 Claiborne County Vicksburg Washington 1827 Warren and Yazoo Counties Greenville Wayne 1809 Washington County (AL) Waynesboro Webster 1874 Chickasaw, Choctaw and Montegomery Counties (formerly Sumner County) Walthall Wilkinson 1802 Adams County Woodville Winston 1833 Lowndes, Rankin, and Wayne Counties Louisville Yalobusha 1833 Monroe, Washington and Yazoo Counties Water Valley Yazoo 1823 Hinds County Yazoo City