South Carolina Census Records
Statewide South Carolina Census records that exist are 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.
There are Industry and Agriculture Census Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. The Mortality Census Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Slave Census Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. The Union Veterans Census Schedules exist for 1890.
Both original and microfilm federal census records can be found at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. A portion of the Richland District 1800 census is unavailable.
The Lexington District and York District 1850 census records can be quite useful because they list the county and state of birth for each person recorded.
There were no full colonial censuses taken by South Carolina. However, there are some state census fragments that still exist, which can be found at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
The Lauren District and Fairfield District state census records for 1829 still exist, as do the Chesterfield District and Kershaw District state census records for 1839. The 1869 state census records are complete except for the following counties: Clarendon, Oconee, Spartanburg
The complete state census records from 1875 for Newberry County, Marlboro County, and Clarendon County are still available, but only partial records still exist for the counties of Beaufort, Fairfield, Sumter, Lancaster, and Abbeville.
The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has those original records on file. Certain records have also been published in genealogical periodicals that have been published for the state.