United states military heritage in Vermont started out with the creation of the colonial militia early in the seventeenth century mainly to fight against attacks from native inhabitants. The uses and value of Vermont military records in genealogical research for ancestors that were veterans are evident but Vermont military records can also be very important to researchers whose immediate ancestors were not soldiers in any war. Due to the quantity of genealogical details contained in quite a few Vermont military pension files they should not be overlooked during the research process.
A fire destroyed all of the original military records for the state of Vermont prior to 1920. However, the Vermont Adjutant General’s Office has published lists of servicemen for all wars from the Revolutionary War until Desert Storm. The Vermont Department of Veterans’ Affairs and local libraries each have copies of those publications on file. Some town meeting records also include Vermont militia records for 1820 to the mid 1830s.
The Vermont State Archives is home to the Stevens Collection, which contains muster rolls, as well as the Walter Shelton Papers. That collection includes a lot of information about the War of 1812 and some of the people (from multiple states) who served in it.
Vermont in the Colonial War
Colonial War Website Links
Vermont in the Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War Website Links
- Research in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 (uswars.net)
- Revolutionary War links from fold3.comwith original data from the National Archives:
- Vermont Final Payment Vouchers Index for Military Pensions, 1818-1864 These slips serve as an index to final and last payments to over 65,000 veterans of the Revolutionary War and some later wars.
- Vermont Revolutionary War Pensions Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.
- Vermont Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 Muster rolls, payrolls, strength returns, and other miscellaneous personnel, pay, and supply records of American Army units, 1775-83.
- Vermont Revolutionary War Service Records Compiled service records of soldiers who served in the American Army during the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783.
- Revolutionary War links from http://search.ancestry.com:
- Vermont Revolutionary War Books (amazon.com)
Vermont in the War of 1812
War of 1812 Website Links
Vermont in the Civil War
Civil War Website Links
- Research in the Civil War 1861-1865
- Vermont, Enrolled Militia Records, 1861-1867 (familysearch.org) Index and images of Vermont enrolled militia records that identify thousands of young men who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Includes some corrected entries. This collection currently includes only enrolled militia records from the following counties: Addison, Bennington, Chittenden, Franklin, Lamoille, Orange, Orleans, and Rutland. Also included are burial records and personal war sketches for the town of Cambridge, Lamoille County.
- Civil War links from fold3.com with original data from the National Archives:
- Vermont Civil War Infantry Regiments and Units
- Vermont Civil War Cavalry Regiments and Units
- Vermont Civil War Artillery Regiments and Units
- Civil War links from ancestry.com:
- U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 – This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. Most of the men whose names appear in this index served with units from 15 different states or territories; others were soldiers raised directly by the Confederate government, generals and staff officers, and other enlisted men not associated with a regiment. Compiled service records are files of cards that abstract original military records relating to an individual soldier. A typical CSR will include an envelope that lists a soldier’s name, rank, unit, and card numbers, followed by cards with details extracted from muster rolls, rosters, hospital rolls, Union prison records, payrolls, and other records, with a new card being created each time a soldier’s name appeared on a new document. The CSRs may also include original documents pertaining to the soldier. The CSRs do not constitute an exhaustive list of all men who served in the Confederate army.
- U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865
- Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, 1863-1866
- History of the Eighth Regiment Vermont Volunteers, 1861-1865
- Vermont Civil War Books (amazon.com)
Vermont Modern Wars
War Website Links